The possibility of using the some of the world’s harshest landscapes to produce food, fresh water and clean energy is definitely possible and is proven with the recent opening of the Sahara Forest Project (SFP) launch station outside Aqaba, the Jordan port city. Last month, Jordan’s King Abdullah II and Norway’s Crown Prince Haakon attended the ceremony to mark the official opening of the SFP which began in 2012 and is part funded by the EU and the Norwegian government.
In the first stage, the SFP aims to produce up to 130 tonnes of organic vegetables per year from just 7 acres of previously-deemed ‘unusable’ land. The full scale of the project is set to reach 490 acres in the coming years.
Norway’s Prince Haakon told journalists, “This is a project that has great promise for the future. It is impressive to see how technology can be used in such a sustainable way to produce agricultural goods in a quite tough climate like here.”
Environmental engineering firm Max Fordham have been collaborating with the Sahara Forest Project since the start of the project in 2008. Initially they carried out research into technical aspects of the project including thermodynamic analysis of the greenhouse (to provide optimum growing conditions for crops with minimum resource input), desalination techniques, and the potential climatic effects of adding moisture to desert air.
The research included building and operating an experimental rig in the Qatari desert, to verify conclusions in the field. This culminated in the development of a mathematical computer model of the entire Sahara Forest Project system, which Max Fordham and SFP then used to investigate resource flows through the system and projected investment costs and returns.
The second stage of the collaboration was focused on the engineering design of the Sahara Forest Project system, firstly for the Pilot Project in Qatar, which opened in 2012 and operated for a year, then more recently for the larger Launch Station recently opened in Jordan. Max Fordham designed the pioneering saltwater cooling system for the greenhouse, as well as the services infrastructure which joins up and enables the different energy and growing technologies which comprise the SFP system.
Max Fordham collaborated with leading experts on solar power, greenhouse operation and desalination to ensure all the components of the SFP system work optimally, allowing the system to be greater than the sum of its parts.
Max Fordham provided site engineers during the construction and operation of the Qatar Pilot, to help the local engineers building the Pilot understand the system, and adapt the design during the life of the project to overcome the unforeseen challenges that inevitably come with innovation of this type.
Tom Bentham, Senior Partner at Max Fordham said: “This is one of the most technically complex and satisfying projects we’ve had the pleasure to work on. The team at SFP are visionary and share our passion for the environment and sustainable design. We’ve collaborated with experts across many countries and disciplines to bring this incredible project to fruition. The salt water and desert environments are both testing on their own; when put together they create one of the harshest environments there is for engineering components.”
During the royal visit and subsequent conference, Vidar Helgesen, the Norwegian Minister of Climate and Environment, commented: “The Sahara Forest Project demonstrates that innovative application of technology has the potential to revolutionise our land use systems in a way that benefits the climate, people and business,” he said. “I, for one, am extremely excited to see how this project develops and how it can inspire other similar initiatives.”
SFP project director, Joakim Hauge, said “Jordan has a lot of sunlight, it has a lot of desert, it has sea water, it has CO2. That is what we need to produce food, water and renewable energy.”